Hydraulic fracturing, commonly referred to as “fracking”, is a technology that allows the recovery of oil & natural gas from shale formation deep within the earth. Liquid is injected into the shale causing fissures which allow the oil and natural gas that are contained within the shale to be released. It is a process that was first used over 60 years ago. Oklahoma has a long history with hydraulic fracturing. On March 17, 1949, hydraulic fracturing was first used commercially just east of Duncan, Stephens County, Oklahoma, and on the very same day, close to Holliday, Texas. (source)
The technology behind hydraulic fracturing has allowed Oklahoma to greatly increase the production of oil, with the possibility of the state’s oil production surpassing California and Alaska. (source)
In 1984, Oklahoma’s oil production was 168,385,000 barrels per year. In 2005, it dropped to 61,262,000 barrels per year. By 2013, it climbed back to 113,966,000 barrels. (source) Oklahoma’s Natural Gas Marketed Production in 1984 was 2,046,339 MMcf. In 2003, it had dropped to 1,558,155 MMcf. By 2013, it had risen to 2,143,999 MMcf.(source)
The production of oil and gas has a direct effect on the Oklahoma State Budget through the gross production tax. (see GPT)
The United States has surpassed Saudi Arabia and Russia in oil production and as of 2010, became the world’s largest producer of natural gas.
Check out the video below on Hydraulic Fracturing:
There have been concerns about the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing. FracFocus has a registry that can be searched for nearby well sites that have been hydraulically fractured to see what chemicals were used in the process.
Oklahoma has had a noticeable increase in seismic activity over the last few years. We join Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin and others in trying to discover the cause of the earthquakes. The Governor has created the Coordinating Council on Seismic Activity to link researchers with policy makers and energy industry experts. The council is headed by Oklahoma Secretary of Energy and Environment Michael Teague. The Coordinating Council includes input from public sector groups like the Oklahoma Geological Survey, the Oklahoma Corporation Commission, and the Oklahoma Energy Resources Board; research institutions including the University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University; Oklahoma Oil & Gas Association and other industry groups; and state legislators.
Get the facts about how regulators, researchers and the industry are working together to reduce seismicity.
Recent articles on Hydraulic Fracturing
ConocoPhillips: Hydraulic Fracturing
Marathon Oil Company: Case Study on Hydraulic Fracturing. Using advanced technology while minimizing impacts.
Washington Post: Study: Fracking chemicals found in toothpaste and ice cream